WordPress at a glance
function is not described

_wp_specialchars() WP 1.2.2

Converts a number of special characters into their HTML entities.

Specifically deals with: &, <, >, ", and '.

$quote_style can be set to ENT_COMPAT to encode " to ", or ENT_QUOTES to do both. Default is ENT_NOQUOTES where no quotes are encoded.

  • Static. String. $_charset

No Hooks.

Return

String. The encoded text with HTML entities.

Usage

_wp_specialchars( $string, $quote_style, $charset, $double_encode );
$string(string) (required)
The text which is to be encoded.
$quote_style(int/string)
Converts double quotes if set to ENT_COMPAT, both single and double if set to ENT_QUOTES or none if set to ENT_NOQUOTES. Also compatible with old values; converting single quotes if set to 'single', double if set to 'double' or both if otherwise set.
Default: ENT_NOQUOTES
$charset(string)
The character encoding of the string.
Default: false
$double_encode(true/false)
Whether to encode existing html entities.
Default: false

Code of wp specialchars: wp-includes/formatting.php VER 5.1.1

<?php
function _wp_specialchars( $string, $quote_style = ENT_NOQUOTES, $charset = false, $double_encode = false ) {
	$string = (string) $string;

	if ( 0 === strlen( $string ) ) {
		return '';
	}

	// Don't bother if there are no specialchars - saves some processing
	if ( ! preg_match( '/[&<>"\']/', $string ) ) {
		return $string;
	}

	// Account for the previous behaviour of the function when the $quote_style is not an accepted value
	if ( empty( $quote_style ) ) {
		$quote_style = ENT_NOQUOTES;
	} elseif ( ! in_array( $quote_style, array( 0, 2, 3, 'single', 'double' ), true ) ) {
		$quote_style = ENT_QUOTES;
	}

	// Store the site charset as a static to avoid multiple calls to wp_load_alloptions()
	if ( ! $charset ) {
		static $_charset = null;
		if ( ! isset( $_charset ) ) {
			$alloptions = wp_load_alloptions();
			$_charset   = isset( $alloptions['blog_charset'] ) ? $alloptions['blog_charset'] : '';
		}
		$charset = $_charset;
	}

	if ( in_array( $charset, array( 'utf8', 'utf-8', 'UTF8' ) ) ) {
		$charset = 'UTF-8';
	}

	$_quote_style = $quote_style;

	if ( $quote_style === 'double' ) {
		$quote_style  = ENT_COMPAT;
		$_quote_style = ENT_COMPAT;
	} elseif ( $quote_style === 'single' ) {
		$quote_style = ENT_NOQUOTES;
	}

	if ( ! $double_encode ) {
		// Guarantee every &entity; is valid, convert &garbage; into &amp;garbage;
		// This is required for PHP < 5.4.0 because ENT_HTML401 flag is unavailable.
		$string = wp_kses_normalize_entities( $string );
	}

	$string = @htmlspecialchars( $string, $quote_style, $charset, $double_encode );

	// Back-compat.
	if ( 'single' === $_quote_style ) {
		$string = str_replace( "'", '&#039;', $string );
	}

	return $string;
}