recurse_dirsize()WP 3.0.0

Get the size of a directory recursively.

Used by get_dirsize() to get a directory size when it contains other directories.

Used By: get_dirsize()
Hooks from the function

Return

Int|false|null. Size in bytes if a valid directory. False if not. Null if timeout.

Usage

recurse_dirsize( $directory, $exclude, $max_execution_time, $directory_cache );
$directory(string) (required)
Full path of a directory.
$exclude(string|string[])
Full path of a subdirectory to exclude from the total, or array of paths. Expected without trailing slash(es).
Default: null
$max_execution_time(int)
Maximum time to run before giving up. In seconds. The timeout is global and is measured from the moment WordPress started to load.
Default: null
$directory_cache(array) (passed by reference — &)
Array of cached directory paths.
Default: null

Changelog

Since 3.0.0 Introduced.
Since 4.3.0 The $exclude parameter was added.
Since 5.2.0 The $max_execution_time parameter was added.
Since 5.6.0 The $directory_cache parameter was added.

Code of recurse_dirsize() WP 5.9.3

function recurse_dirsize( $directory, $exclude = null, $max_execution_time = null, &$directory_cache = null ) {
	$directory  = untrailingslashit( $directory );
	$save_cache = false;

	if ( ! isset( $directory_cache ) ) {
		$directory_cache = get_transient( 'dirsize_cache' );
		$save_cache      = true;
	}

	if ( isset( $directory_cache[ $directory ] ) && is_int( $directory_cache[ $directory ] ) ) {
		return $directory_cache[ $directory ];
	}

	if ( ! file_exists( $directory ) || ! is_dir( $directory ) || ! is_readable( $directory ) ) {
		return false;
	}

	if (
		( is_string( $exclude ) && $directory === $exclude ) ||
		( is_array( $exclude ) && in_array( $directory, $exclude, true ) )
	) {
		return false;
	}

	if ( null === $max_execution_time ) {
		// Keep the previous behavior but attempt to prevent fatal errors from timeout if possible.
		if ( function_exists( 'ini_get' ) ) {
			$max_execution_time = ini_get( 'max_execution_time' );
		} else {
			// Disable...
			$max_execution_time = 0;
		}

		// Leave 1 second "buffer" for other operations if $max_execution_time has reasonable value.
		if ( $max_execution_time > 10 ) {
			$max_execution_time -= 1;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the amount of storage space used by one directory and all its children, in megabytes.
	 *
	 * Return the actual used space to short-circuit the recursive PHP file size calculation
	 * and use something else, like a CDN API or native operating system tools for better performance.
	 *
	 * @since 5.6.0
	 *
	 * @param int|false            $space_used         The amount of used space, in bytes. Default false.
	 * @param string               $directory          Full path of a directory.
	 * @param string|string[]|null $exclude            Full path of a subdirectory to exclude from the total,
	 *                                                 or array of paths.
	 * @param int                  $max_execution_time Maximum time to run before giving up. In seconds.
	 * @param array                $directory_cache    Array of cached directory paths.
	 */
	$size = apply_filters( 'pre_recurse_dirsize', false, $directory, $exclude, $max_execution_time, $directory_cache );

	if ( false === $size ) {
		$size = 0;

		$handle = opendir( $directory );
		if ( $handle ) {
			while ( ( $file = readdir( $handle ) ) !== false ) {
				$path = $directory . '/' . $file;
				if ( '.' !== $file && '..' !== $file ) {
					if ( is_file( $path ) ) {
						$size += filesize( $path );
					} elseif ( is_dir( $path ) ) {
						$handlesize = recurse_dirsize( $path, $exclude, $max_execution_time, $directory_cache );
						if ( $handlesize > 0 ) {
							$size += $handlesize;
						}
					}

					if ( $max_execution_time > 0 &&
						( microtime( true ) - WP_START_TIMESTAMP ) > $max_execution_time
					) {
						// Time exceeded. Give up instead of risking a fatal timeout.
						$size = null;
						break;
					}
				}
			}
			closedir( $handle );
		}
	}

	if ( ! is_array( $directory_cache ) ) {
		$directory_cache = array();
	}

	$directory_cache[ $directory ] = $size;

	// Only write the transient on the top level call and not on recursive calls.
	if ( $save_cache ) {
		set_transient( 'dirsize_cache', $directory_cache );
	}

	return $size;
}