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JavaScript base64 Encoding

To encode and decode strings to base64 format in JavaScript we can use such object:

/**
 *
 * Base64 encode / decode
 * http://www.webtoolkit.info/
 *
 */

var Base64 = {

	// private property
	_keyStr : "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/=",

	// public method for encoding
	encode : function (input) {
		var output = "";
		var chr1, chr2, chr3, enc1, enc2, enc3, enc4;
		var i = 0;

		input = Base64._utf8_encode(input);

		while (i < input.length) {

			chr1 = input.charCodeAt(i++);
			chr2 = input.charCodeAt(i++);
			chr3 = input.charCodeAt(i++);

			enc1 = chr1 >> 2;
			enc2 = ((chr1 & 3) << 4) | (chr2 >> 4);
			enc3 = ((chr2 & 15) << 2) | (chr3 >> 6);
			enc4 = chr3 & 63;

			if (isNaN(chr2)) {
				enc3 = enc4 = 64;
			} else if (isNaN(chr3)) {
				enc4 = 64;
			}

			output = output +
			this._keyStr.charAt(enc1) + this._keyStr.charAt(enc2) +
			this._keyStr.charAt(enc3) + this._keyStr.charAt(enc4);

		}

		return output;
	},

	// public method for decoding
	decode : function (input) {
		var output = "";
		var chr1, chr2, chr3;
		var enc1, enc2, enc3, enc4;
		var i = 0;

		input = input.replace(/[^A-Za-z0-9\+\/\=]/g, "");

		while (i < input.length) {

			enc1 = this._keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));
			enc2 = this._keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));
			enc3 = this._keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));
			enc4 = this._keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));

			chr1 = (enc1 << 2) | (enc2 >> 4);
			chr2 = ((enc2 & 15) << 4) | (enc3 >> 2);
			chr3 = ((enc3 & 3) << 6) | enc4;

			output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr1);

			if (enc3 != 64) {
				output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr2);
			}
			if (enc4 != 64) {
				output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr3);
			}

		}

		output = Base64._utf8_decode(output);

		return output;

	},

	// private method for UTF-8 encoding
	_utf8_encode : function (string) {
		string = string.replace(/\r\n/g,"\n");
		var utftext = "";

		for (var n = 0; n < string.length; n++) {

			var c = string.charCodeAt(n);

			if (c < 128) {
				utftext += String.fromCharCode(c);
			}
			else if((c > 127) && (c < 2048)) {
				utftext += String.fromCharCode((c >> 6) | 192);
				utftext += String.fromCharCode((c & 63) | 128);
			}
			else {
				utftext += String.fromCharCode((c >> 12) | 224);
				utftext += String.fromCharCode(((c >> 6) & 63) | 128);
				utftext += String.fromCharCode((c & 63) | 128);
			}

		}

		return utftext;
	},

	// private method for UTF-8 decoding
	_utf8_decode : function (utftext) {
		var string = "";
		var i = 0;
		var c = c1 = c2 = 0;

		while ( i < utftext.length ) {

			c = utftext.charCodeAt(i);

			if (c < 128) {
				string += String.fromCharCode(c);
				i++;
			}
			else if((c > 191) && (c < 224)) {
				c2 = utftext.charCodeAt(i+1);
				string += String.fromCharCode(((c & 31) << 6) | (c2 & 63));
				i += 2;
			}
			else {
				c2 = utftext.charCodeAt(i+1);
				c3 = utftext.charCodeAt(i+2);
				string += String.fromCharCode(((c & 15) << 12) | ((c2 & 63) << 6) | (c3 & 63));
				i += 3;
			}

		}

		return string;
	}

}

Compressed version of the code:

// ver 2.0
let Base64 = {
	_keyStr:"ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/=",
	encode:function(e){var t="";var n,r,i,s,o,u,a;var f=0;e=Base64._utf8_encode(e);while(f<e.length){n=e.charCodeAt(f++);r=e.charCodeAt(f++);i=e.charCodeAt(f++);s=n>>2;o=(n&3)<<4|r>>4;u=(r&15)<<2|i>>6;a=i&63;if(isNaN(r)){u=a=64}else if(isNaN(i)){a=64}t=t+this._keyStr.charAt(s)+this._keyStr.charAt(o)+this._keyStr.charAt(u)+this._keyStr.charAt(a)}return t},
	decode:function(e){var t="";var n,r,i;var s,o,u,a;var f=0;e=e.replace(/[^A-Za-z0-9\+\/\=]/g,"");while(f<e.length){s=this._keyStr.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));o=this._keyStr.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));u=this._keyStr.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));a=this._keyStr.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));n=s<<2|o>>4;r=(o&15)<<4|u>>2;i=(u&3)<<6|a;t=t+String.fromCharCode(n);if(u!=64){t=t+String.fromCharCode(r)}if(a!=64){t=t+String.fromCharCode(i)}}t=Base64._utf8_decode(t);return t},
	_utf8_encode:function(e){e=e.replace(/\r\n/g,"\n");var t="";for(var n=0;n<e.length;n++){var r=e.charCodeAt(n);if(r<128){t+=String.fromCharCode(r)}else if(r>127&&r<2048){t+=String.fromCharCode(r>>6|192);t+=String.fromCharCode(r&63|128)}else{t+=String.fromCharCode(r>>12|224);t+=String.fromCharCode(r>>6&63|128);t+=String.fromCharCode(r&63|128)}}return t},
	_utf8_decode:function(e){var t="";var n=0;var r=c1=c2=0;while(n<e.length){r=e.charCodeAt(n);if(r<128){t+=String.fromCharCode(r);n++}else if(r>191&&r<224){c2=e.charCodeAt(n+1);t+=String.fromCharCode((r&31)<<6|c2&63);n+=2}else{c2=e.charCodeAt(n+1);c3=e.charCodeAt(n+2);t+=String.fromCharCode((r&15)<<12|(c2&63)<<6|c3&63);n+=3}}return t}
}

Usage

Base64.encode( 'Some string' )      // U29tZSBzdHJpbmc=
Base64.decode( 'U29tZSBzdHJpbmc=' ) // Some string
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