WordPress at a glance

add_submenu_page() WP 1.0

Add a submenu page. This function takes a capability which will be used to determine whether or not a page is included in the menu.

The function which is hooked in to handle the output of the page must check that the user has the required capability as well.

This function takes a capability which will be used to determine whether or not a page is included in the menu.

The function which is hooked in to handle the output of the page must check that the user has the required capability as well.

No Hooks.

Return

false/String. The resulting page's hook_suffix, or false if the user does not have the capability required.

Usage

add_submenu_page( $parent_slug, $page_title, $menu_title, $capability, $menu_slug, $function, $position );
$parent_slug(string) (required)
The slug name for the parent menu (or the file name of a standard WordPress admin page).
$page_title(string) (required)
The text to be displayed in the title tags of the page when the menu is selected.
$menu_title(string) (required)
The text to be used for the menu.
$capability(string) (required)
The capability required for this menu to be displayed to the user.
$menu_slug(string) (required)
The slug name to refer to this menu by. Should be unique for this menu and only include lowercase alphanumeric, dashes, and underscores characters to be compatible with sanitize_key().
$function(callable)
The function to be called to output the content for this page.
Default: ''
$position(int)
The position in the menu order this item should appear.
Default: null

Notes

  • Global. Array. $submenu
  • Global. Array. $menu
  • Global. Array. $_wp_real_parent_file
  • Global. true/false. $_wp_submenu_nopriv
  • Global. Array. $_registered_pages
  • Global. Array. $_parent_pages

Changelog

Since 1.5.0 Introduced.
Since 5.3.0 Added the $position parameter.

Code of add submenu page: wp-admin/includes/plugin.php WP 5.3.2

<?php
function add_submenu_page( $parent_slug, $page_title, $menu_title, $capability, $menu_slug, $function = '', $position = null ) {
	global $submenu, $menu, $_wp_real_parent_file, $_wp_submenu_nopriv,
		$_registered_pages, $_parent_pages;

	$menu_slug   = plugin_basename( $menu_slug );
	$parent_slug = plugin_basename( $parent_slug );

	if ( isset( $_wp_real_parent_file[ $parent_slug ] ) ) {
		$parent_slug = $_wp_real_parent_file[ $parent_slug ];
	}

	if ( ! current_user_can( $capability ) ) {
		$_wp_submenu_nopriv[ $parent_slug ][ $menu_slug ] = true;
		return false;
	}

	/*
	 * If the parent doesn't already have a submenu, add a link to the parent
	 * as the first item in the submenu. If the submenu file is the same as the
	 * parent file someone is trying to link back to the parent manually. In
	 * this case, don't automatically add a link back to avoid duplication.
	 */
	if ( ! isset( $submenu[ $parent_slug ] ) && $menu_slug != $parent_slug ) {
		foreach ( (array) $menu as $parent_menu ) {
			if ( $parent_menu[2] == $parent_slug && current_user_can( $parent_menu[1] ) ) {
				$submenu[ $parent_slug ][] = array_slice( $parent_menu, 0, 4 );
			}
		}
	}

	$new_sub_menu = array( $menu_title, $capability, $menu_slug, $page_title );
	if ( ! is_int( $position ) ) {
		if ( null !== $position ) {
			_doing_it_wrong(
				__FUNCTION__,
				sprintf(
					/* translators: %s: add_submenu_page() */
					__( 'The seventh parameter passed to %s should be an integer representing menu position.' ),
					'<code>add_submenu_page()</code>'
				),
				'5.3.0'
			);
		}

		$submenu[ $parent_slug ][] = $new_sub_menu;
	} else {
		// Append the submenu if the parent item is not present in the submenu,
		// or if position is equal or higher than the number of items in the array.
		if ( ! isset( $submenu[ $parent_slug ] ) || $position >= count( $submenu[ $parent_slug ] ) ) {
			$submenu[ $parent_slug ][] = $new_sub_menu;
		} else {
			// Test for a negative position.
			$position = max( $position, 0 );
			if ( 0 === $position ) {
				// For negative or `0` positions, prepend the submenu.
				array_unshift( $submenu[ $parent_slug ], $new_sub_menu );
			} else {
				// Grab all of the items before the insertion point.
				$before_items = array_slice( $submenu[ $parent_slug ], 0, $position, true );
				// Grab all of the items after the insertion point.
				$after_items = array_slice( $submenu[ $parent_slug ], $position, null, true );
				// Add the new item.
				$before_items[] = $new_sub_menu;
				// Merge the items.
				$submenu[ $parent_slug ] = array_merge( $before_items, $after_items );
			}
		}
	}
	// Sort the parent array
	ksort( $submenu[ $parent_slug ] );

	$hookname = get_plugin_page_hookname( $menu_slug, $parent_slug );
	if ( ! empty( $function ) && ! empty( $hookname ) ) {
		add_action( $hookname, $function );
	}

	$_registered_pages[ $hookname ] = true;

	/*
	 * Backward-compatibility for plugins using add_management_page().
	 * See wp-admin/admin.php for redirect from edit.php to tools.php.
	 */
	if ( 'tools.php' == $parent_slug ) {
		$_registered_pages[ get_plugin_page_hookname( $menu_slug, 'edit.php' ) ] = true;
	}

	// No parent as top level.
	$_parent_pages[ $menu_slug ] = $parent_slug;

	return $hookname;
}

Related Functions

From tag: Admin menu (admin panel)

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