comments_template()WP 1.5.0

Load the comment template specified in $file.

Will not display the comments template if not on single post or page, or if the post does not have comments.

Uses the WordPress database object to query for the comments. The comments are passed through the comments_array filter hook with the list of comments and the post ID respectively.

The $file path is passed through a filter hook called comments_template, which includes the TEMPLATEPATH and $file combined. Tries the $filtered path first and if it fails it will require the default comment template from the default theme. If either does not exist, then the WordPress process will be halted. It is advised for that reason, that the default theme is not deleted.

Will not try to get the comments if the post has none.

Return

null. Nothing.

Usage

comments_template( $file, $separate_comments );
$file(string)
The file to load.
Default: '/comments.php'
$separate_comments(true|false)
Whether to separate the comments by comment type.
Default: false

Examples

0

#1 Display comments in the theme

Use in page.php and single.php:

<?php
// If comments are open or we have at least one comment, load up the comment template.
if ( comments_open() || get_comments_number() ) {
	comments_template();
}
?>
0

#2 Connecting a third-party template file

In some cases, you may need to include another comment template file, so specify the $file parameter.

In this case the file short-comments.php from the theme directory will be connected instead of comments.php:

<?php comments_template( '/short-comments.php' ); ?>

If you want to connect a file from the theme folder, specify the path to the file relative to the theme folder:

<?php comments_template( '/templates/my-comments.php' ); ?>
0

#3 Changing the file path through the filter

add_filter( 'comments_template', 'my_plugin_comment_template' );

function my_plugin_comment_template( $comment_template ){
	global $post;

	if ( !( is_singular() && ( have_comments() || 'open' == $post->comment_status ) ) ) {
		return;
	}

	// if this is the type of book post we want
	if( $post->post_type == 'book' ){
		return __DIR__ . '/reviews.php'; // full path to the file
	}
}

Notes

  • Global. WP_Query. $wp_query WordPress Query object.
  • Global. WP_Post. $post Global post object.
  • Global. wpdb. $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
  • Global. Int. $id
  • Global. WP_Comment. $comment Global comment object.
  • Global. String. $user_login
  • Global. String. $user_identity
  • Global. true|false. $overridden_cpage
  • Global. true|false. $withcomments

Changelog

Since 1.5.0 Introduced.

Code of comments_template() WP 6.0.1

function comments_template( $file = '/comments.php', $separate_comments = false ) {
	global $wp_query, $withcomments, $post, $wpdb, $id, $comment, $user_login, $user_identity, $overridden_cpage;

	if ( ! ( is_single() || is_page() || $withcomments ) || empty( $post ) ) {
		return;
	}

	if ( empty( $file ) ) {
		$file = '/comments.php';
	}

	$req = get_option( 'require_name_email' );

	/*
	 * Comment author information fetched from the comment cookies.
	 */
	$commenter = wp_get_current_commenter();

	/*
	 * The name of the current comment author escaped for use in attributes.
	 * Escaped by sanitize_comment_cookies().
	 */
	$comment_author = $commenter['comment_author'];

	/*
	 * The email address of the current comment author escaped for use in attributes.
	 * Escaped by sanitize_comment_cookies().
	 */
	$comment_author_email = $commenter['comment_author_email'];

	/*
	 * The URL of the current comment author escaped for use in attributes.
	 */
	$comment_author_url = esc_url( $commenter['comment_author_url'] );

	$comment_args = array(
		'orderby'                   => 'comment_date_gmt',
		'order'                     => 'ASC',
		'status'                    => 'approve',
		'post_id'                   => $post->ID,
		'no_found_rows'             => false,
		'update_comment_meta_cache' => false, // We lazy-load comment meta for performance.
	);

	if ( get_option( 'thread_comments' ) ) {
		$comment_args['hierarchical'] = 'threaded';
	} else {
		$comment_args['hierarchical'] = false;
	}

	if ( is_user_logged_in() ) {
		$comment_args['include_unapproved'] = array( get_current_user_id() );
	} else {
		$unapproved_email = wp_get_unapproved_comment_author_email();

		if ( $unapproved_email ) {
			$comment_args['include_unapproved'] = array( $unapproved_email );
		}
	}

	$per_page = 0;
	if ( get_option( 'page_comments' ) ) {
		$per_page = (int) get_query_var( 'comments_per_page' );
		if ( 0 === $per_page ) {
			$per_page = (int) get_option( 'comments_per_page' );
		}

		$comment_args['number'] = $per_page;
		$page                   = (int) get_query_var( 'cpage' );

		if ( $page ) {
			$comment_args['offset'] = ( $page - 1 ) * $per_page;
		} elseif ( 'oldest' === get_option( 'default_comments_page' ) ) {
			$comment_args['offset'] = 0;
		} else {
			// If fetching the first page of 'newest', we need a top-level comment count.
			$top_level_query = new WP_Comment_Query();
			$top_level_args  = array(
				'count'   => true,
				'orderby' => false,
				'post_id' => $post->ID,
				'status'  => 'approve',
			);

			if ( $comment_args['hierarchical'] ) {
				$top_level_args['parent'] = 0;
			}

			if ( isset( $comment_args['include_unapproved'] ) ) {
				$top_level_args['include_unapproved'] = $comment_args['include_unapproved'];
			}

			/**
			 * Filters the arguments used in the top level comments query.
			 *
			 * @since 5.6.0
			 *
			 * @see WP_Comment_Query::__construct()
			 *
			 * @param array $top_level_args {
			 *     The top level query arguments for the comments template.
			 *
			 *     @type bool         $count   Whether to return a comment count.
			 *     @type string|array $orderby The field(s) to order by.
			 *     @type int          $post_id The post ID.
			 *     @type string|array $status  The comment status to limit results by.
			 * }
			 */
			$top_level_args = apply_filters( 'comments_template_top_level_query_args', $top_level_args );

			$top_level_count = $top_level_query->query( $top_level_args );

			$comment_args['offset'] = ( ceil( $top_level_count / $per_page ) - 1 ) * $per_page;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the arguments used to query comments in comments_template().
	 *
	 * @since 4.5.0
	 *
	 * @see WP_Comment_Query::__construct()
	 *
	 * @param array $comment_args {
	 *     Array of WP_Comment_Query arguments.
	 *
	 *     @type string|array $orderby                   Field(s) to order by.
	 *     @type string       $order                     Order of results. Accepts 'ASC' or 'DESC'.
	 *     @type string       $status                    Comment status.
	 *     @type array        $include_unapproved        Array of IDs or email addresses whose unapproved comments
	 *                                                   will be included in results.
	 *     @type int          $post_id                   ID of the post.
	 *     @type bool         $no_found_rows             Whether to refrain from querying for found rows.
	 *     @type bool         $update_comment_meta_cache Whether to prime cache for comment meta.
	 *     @type bool|string  $hierarchical              Whether to query for comments hierarchically.
	 *     @type int          $offset                    Comment offset.
	 *     @type int          $number                    Number of comments to fetch.
	 * }
	 */
	$comment_args = apply_filters( 'comments_template_query_args', $comment_args );

	$comment_query = new WP_Comment_Query( $comment_args );
	$_comments     = $comment_query->comments;

	// Trees must be flattened before they're passed to the walker.
	if ( $comment_args['hierarchical'] ) {
		$comments_flat = array();
		foreach ( $_comments as $_comment ) {
			$comments_flat[]  = $_comment;
			$comment_children = $_comment->get_children(
				array(
					'format'  => 'flat',
					'status'  => $comment_args['status'],
					'orderby' => $comment_args['orderby'],
				)
			);

			foreach ( $comment_children as $comment_child ) {
				$comments_flat[] = $comment_child;
			}
		}
	} else {
		$comments_flat = $_comments;
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the comments array.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 *
	 * @param array $comments Array of comments supplied to the comments template.
	 * @param int   $post_ID  Post ID.
	 */
	$wp_query->comments = apply_filters( 'comments_array', $comments_flat, $post->ID );

	$comments                        = &$wp_query->comments;
	$wp_query->comment_count         = count( $wp_query->comments );
	$wp_query->max_num_comment_pages = $comment_query->max_num_pages;

	if ( $separate_comments ) {
		$wp_query->comments_by_type = separate_comments( $comments );
		$comments_by_type           = &$wp_query->comments_by_type;
	} else {
		$wp_query->comments_by_type = array();
	}

	$overridden_cpage = false;

	if ( '' == get_query_var( 'cpage' ) && $wp_query->max_num_comment_pages > 1 ) {
		set_query_var( 'cpage', 'newest' === get_option( 'default_comments_page' ) ? get_comment_pages_count() : 1 );
		$overridden_cpage = true;
	}

	if ( ! defined( 'COMMENTS_TEMPLATE' ) ) {
		define( 'COMMENTS_TEMPLATE', true );
	}

	$theme_template = STYLESHEETPATH . $file;

	/**
	 * Filters the path to the theme template file used for the comments template.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.1
	 *
	 * @param string $theme_template The path to the theme template file.
	 */
	$include = apply_filters( 'comments_template', $theme_template );

	if ( file_exists( $include ) ) {
		require $include;
	} elseif ( file_exists( TEMPLATEPATH . $file ) ) {
		require TEMPLATEPATH . $file;
	} else { // Backward compat code will be removed in a future release.
		require ABSPATH . WPINC . '/theme-compat/comments.php';
	}
}