WordPress at a glance

wp_schedule_event() WP 1.0

Schedule a recurring event.

Schedules a hook which will be triggered by WordPress at the specified interval. The action will trigger when someone visits your WordPress site if the scheduled time has passed.

Valid values for the recurrence are 'hourly', 'daily', and 'twicedaily'. These can be extended using the cron_schedules filter in wp_get_schedules().

Note that scheduling an event to occur within 10 minutes of an existing event with the same action hook will be ignored unless you pass unique $args values for each scheduled event.

Use wp_next_scheduled() to prevent duplicate events.

Use wp_schedule_single_event() to schedule a non-recurring event.

Hooks from the function
Return

true|false|WP_Error. True if event successfully scheduled. False or WP_Error on failure.

Usage

wp_schedule_event( $timestamp, $recurrence, $hook, $args, $wp_error );
$timestamp(int) (required)
Unix timestamp (UTC) for when to next run the event.
$recurrence(string) (required)
How often the event should subsequently recur. See wp_get_schedules()() for accepted values.
$hook(string) (required)
Action hook to execute when the event is run.
$args(array)
Array containing arguments to pass to the hook's callback function. Each value in the array is passed to the callback as an individual parameter. The array keys are ignored.
Default: empty array
$wp_error(true|false)
Whether to return a WP_Error on failure.
Default: false

Changelog

Since 2.1.0 Introduced.
Since 5.1.0 Return value modified to boolean indicating success or failure, pre_schedule_event filter added to short-circuit the function.
Since 5.7.0 The $wp_error parameter was added.

Code of wp_schedule_event() WP 5.7.2

<?php
function wp_schedule_event( $timestamp, $recurrence, $hook, $args = array(), $wp_error = false ) {
	// Make sure timestamp is a positive integer.
	if ( ! is_numeric( $timestamp ) || $timestamp <= 0 ) {
		if ( $wp_error ) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'invalid_timestamp',
				__( 'Event timestamp must be a valid Unix timestamp.' )
			);
		}

		return false;
	}

	$schedules = wp_get_schedules();

	if ( ! isset( $schedules[ $recurrence ] ) ) {
		if ( $wp_error ) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'invalid_schedule',
				__( 'Event schedule does not exist.' )
			);
		}

		return false;
	}

	$event = (object) array(
		'hook'      => $hook,
		'timestamp' => $timestamp,
		'schedule'  => $recurrence,
		'args'      => $args,
		'interval'  => $schedules[ $recurrence ]['interval'],
	);

	/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/cron.php */
	$pre = apply_filters( 'pre_schedule_event', null, $event, $wp_error );

	if ( null !== $pre ) {
		if ( $wp_error && false === $pre ) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'pre_schedule_event_false',
				__( 'A plugin prevented the event from being scheduled.' )
			);
		}

		if ( ! $wp_error && is_wp_error( $pre ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		return $pre;
	}

	/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/cron.php */
	$event = apply_filters( 'schedule_event', $event );

	// A plugin disallowed this event.
	if ( ! $event ) {
		if ( $wp_error ) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'schedule_event_false',
				__( 'A plugin disallowed this event.' )
			);
		}

		return false;
	}

	$key = md5( serialize( $event->args ) );

	$crons = _get_cron_array();
	$crons[ $event->timestamp ][ $event->hook ][ $key ] = array(
		'schedule' => $event->schedule,
		'args'     => $event->args,
		'interval' => $event->interval,
	);
	uksort( $crons, 'strnatcasecmp' );

	return _set_cron_array( $crons, $wp_error );
}

From tag: cron (schedule)

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