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sanitize_sql_orderby() WP 1.0

Ensures a string is a valid SQL 'order by' clause.

Accepts one or more columns, with or without a sort order (ASC / DESC). e.g. 'column_1', 'column_1, column_2', 'column_1 ASC, column_2 DESC' etc.

Also accepts 'RAND()'.

No Hooks.


String|false. Returns $orderby if valid, false otherwise.


sanitize_sql_orderby( $orderby );
$orderby(string) (required)
Order by clause to be validated.


Since 2.5.1 Introduced.

Code of sanitize_sql_orderby() WP 5.7.2

function sanitize_sql_orderby( $orderby ) {
	if ( preg_match( '/^\s*(([a-z0-9_]+|`[a-z0-9_]+`)(\s+(ASC|DESC))?\s*(,\s*(?=[a-z0-9_`])|$))+$/i', $orderby ) || preg_match( '/^\s*RAND\(\s*\)\s*$/i', $orderby ) ) {
		return $orderby;
	return false;

From tag: sanitize_

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