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sanitize_file_name() WP 1.0

Sanitizes a filename, replacing whitespace with dashes.

Removes special characters that are illegal in filenames on certain operating systems and special characters requiring special escaping to manipulate at the command line. Replaces spaces and consecutive dashes with a single dash. Trims period, dash and underscore from beginning and end of filename. It is not guaranteed that this function will return a filename that is allowed to be uploaded.

✈ 1 time = 0.000031s = very fast | 50000 times = 0.38s = very fast
Return

String. The sanitized filename.

Usage

sanitize_file_name( $filename );
$filename(string) (required)
The filename to be sanitized.

Changelog

Since 2.1.0 Introduced.

Code of sanitize file name: wp-includes/formatting.php WP 5.4.2

<?php
function sanitize_file_name( $filename ) {
	$filename_raw  = $filename;
	$special_chars = array( '?', '[', ']', '/', '\\', '=', '<', '>', ':', ';', ',', "'", '"', '&', '$', '#', '*', '(', ')', '|', '~', '`', '!', '{', '}', '%', '+', chr( 0 ) );

	// Check for support for utf8 in the installed PCRE library once and store the result in a static.
	static $utf8_pcre = null;
	if ( ! isset( $utf8_pcre ) ) {
		// phpcs:ignore WordPress.PHP.NoSilencedErrors.Discouraged
		$utf8_pcre = @preg_match( '/^./u', 'a' );
	}

	if ( ! seems_utf8( $filename ) ) {
		$_ext     = pathinfo( $filename, PATHINFO_EXTENSION );
		$_name    = pathinfo( $filename, PATHINFO_FILENAME );
		$filename = sanitize_title_with_dashes( $_name ) . '.' . $_ext;
	}

	if ( $utf8_pcre ) {
		$filename = preg_replace( "#\x{00a0}#siu", ' ', $filename );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the list of characters to remove from a filename.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param string[] $special_chars Array of characters to remove.
	 * @param string   $filename_raw  The original filename to be sanitized.
	 */
	$special_chars = apply_filters( 'sanitize_file_name_chars', $special_chars, $filename_raw );
	$filename      = str_replace( $special_chars, '', $filename );
	$filename      = str_replace( array( '%20', '+' ), '-', $filename );
	$filename      = preg_replace( '/[\r\n\t -]+/', '-', $filename );
	$filename      = trim( $filename, '.-_' );

	if ( false === strpos( $filename, '.' ) ) {
		$mime_types = wp_get_mime_types();
		$filetype   = wp_check_filetype( 'test.' . $filename, $mime_types );
		if ( $filetype['ext'] === $filename ) {
			$filename = 'unnamed-file.' . $filetype['ext'];
		}
	}

	// Split the filename into a base and extension[s].
	$parts = explode( '.', $filename );

	// Return if only one extension.
	if ( count( $parts ) <= 2 ) {
		/**
		 * Filters a sanitized filename string.
		 *
		 * @since 2.8.0
		 *
		 * @param string $filename     Sanitized filename.
		 * @param string $filename_raw The filename prior to sanitization.
		 */
		return apply_filters( 'sanitize_file_name', $filename, $filename_raw );
	}

	// Process multiple extensions.
	$filename  = array_shift( $parts );
	$extension = array_pop( $parts );
	$mimes     = get_allowed_mime_types();

	/*
	 * Loop over any intermediate extensions. Postfix them with a trailing underscore
	 * if they are a 2 - 5 character long alpha string not in the extension whitelist.
	 */
	foreach ( (array) $parts as $part ) {
		$filename .= '.' . $part;

		if ( preg_match( '/^[a-zA-Z]{2,5}\d?$/', $part ) ) {
			$allowed = false;
			foreach ( $mimes as $ext_preg => $mime_match ) {
				$ext_preg = '!^(' . $ext_preg . ')$!i';
				if ( preg_match( $ext_preg, $part ) ) {
					$allowed = true;
					break;
				}
			}
			if ( ! $allowed ) {
				$filename .= '_';
			}
		}
	}
	$filename .= '.' . $extension;
	/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/formatting.php */
	return apply_filters( 'sanitize_file_name', $filename, $filename_raw );
}

Related Functions

From tag: sanitize_

More from category: Sanitizing, Escaping

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