sanitize_post_field()WP 2.3.0

Sanitize post field based on context.

Possible context values are: 'raw', 'edit', 'db', 'display', 'attribute' and 'js'. The 'display' context is used by default. 'attribute' and 'js' contexts are treated like 'display' when calling filters.

Return

Mixed. Sanitized value.

Usage

sanitize_post_field( $field, $value, $post_id, $context );
$field(string) (required)
The Post Object field name.
$value(mixed) (required)
The Post Object value.
$post_id(int) (required)
Post ID.
$context(string)
How to sanitize the field. Possible values are 'raw', 'edit', 'db', 'display', 'attribute' and 'js'.
Default: 'display'

Examples

0

#1 Sanitizing for Display

Let's clear the post title before displaying it on the screen:

$post = get_post( 35 );

$post_title = sanitize_post_field( 'post_title', $post->post_title, $post->ID, 'display' );

echo $post_title;
0

#2 Sanitizing for Attributes

Clean up the field value before using it in an HTML tag attribute. Will remove tags and other stuff so that the value can be used in the attribute and it will not cause any errors:

<?php
$post = get_post( 543 );
$post_title = sanitize_post_field( 'post_title', $post->post_title, $post->ID, 'attribute' );
?>
<input type="hidden" name="post-title" value="<?= $post_title ?>" />
0

#3 Default post fields that you can use (case-sensitive)

ID
post_author
post_date
post_date_gmt
post_content
post_title
post_excerpt
post_status
comment_status
ping_status
post_password
post_name
to_ping
pinged
post_modified
post_modified_gmt
post_content_filtered
post_parent
guid
menu_order
post_type
post_mime_type
comment_count
filter

Changelog

Since 2.3.0 Introduced.
Since 4.4.0 Like sanitize_post(), $context defaults to 'display'.

sanitize_post_field() code WP 6.5.3

function sanitize_post_field( $field, $value, $post_id, $context = 'display' ) {
	$int_fields = array( 'ID', 'post_parent', 'menu_order' );
	if ( in_array( $field, $int_fields, true ) ) {
		$value = (int) $value;
	}

	// Fields which contain arrays of integers.
	$array_int_fields = array( 'ancestors' );
	if ( in_array( $field, $array_int_fields, true ) ) {
		$value = array_map( 'absint', $value );
		return $value;
	}

	if ( 'raw' === $context ) {
		return $value;
	}

	$prefixed = false;
	if ( str_contains( $field, 'post_' ) ) {
		$prefixed        = true;
		$field_no_prefix = str_replace( 'post_', '', $field );
	}

	if ( 'edit' === $context ) {
		$format_to_edit = array( 'post_content', 'post_excerpt', 'post_title', 'post_password' );

		if ( $prefixed ) {

			/**
			 * Filters the value of a specific post field to edit.
			 *
			 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$field`, refers to the post
			 * field name.
			 *
			 * @since 2.3.0
			 *
			 * @param mixed $value   Value of the post field.
			 * @param int   $post_id Post ID.
			 */
			$value = apply_filters( "edit_{$field}", $value, $post_id );

			/**
			 * Filters the value of a specific post field to edit.
			 *
			 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$field_no_prefix`, refers to
			 * the post field name.
			 *
			 * @since 2.3.0
			 *
			 * @param mixed $value   Value of the post field.
			 * @param int   $post_id Post ID.
			 */
			$value = apply_filters( "{$field_no_prefix}_edit_pre", $value, $post_id );
		} else {
			$value = apply_filters( "edit_post_{$field}", $value, $post_id );
		}

		if ( in_array( $field, $format_to_edit, true ) ) {
			if ( 'post_content' === $field ) {
				$value = format_to_edit( $value, user_can_richedit() );
			} else {
				$value = format_to_edit( $value );
			}
		} else {
			$value = esc_attr( $value );
		}
	} elseif ( 'db' === $context ) {
		if ( $prefixed ) {

			/**
			 * Filters the value of a specific post field before saving.
			 *
			 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$field`, refers to the post
			 * field name.
			 *
			 * @since 2.3.0
			 *
			 * @param mixed $value Value of the post field.
			 */
			$value = apply_filters( "pre_{$field}", $value );

			/**
			 * Filters the value of a specific field before saving.
			 *
			 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$field_no_prefix`, refers
			 * to the post field name.
			 *
			 * @since 2.3.0
			 *
			 * @param mixed $value Value of the post field.
			 */
			$value = apply_filters( "{$field_no_prefix}_save_pre", $value );
		} else {
			$value = apply_filters( "pre_post_{$field}", $value );

			/**
			 * Filters the value of a specific post field before saving.
			 *
			 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$field`, refers to the post
			 * field name.
			 *
			 * @since 2.3.0
			 *
			 * @param mixed $value Value of the post field.
			 */
			$value = apply_filters( "{$field}_pre", $value );
		}
	} else {

		// Use display filters by default.
		if ( $prefixed ) {

			/**
			 * Filters the value of a specific post field for display.
			 *
			 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$field`, refers to the post
			 * field name.
			 *
			 * @since 2.3.0
			 *
			 * @param mixed  $value   Value of the prefixed post field.
			 * @param int    $post_id Post ID.
			 * @param string $context Context for how to sanitize the field.
			 *                        Accepts 'raw', 'edit', 'db', 'display',
			 *                        'attribute', or 'js'. Default 'display'.
			 */
			$value = apply_filters( "{$field}", $value, $post_id, $context );
		} else {
			$value = apply_filters( "post_{$field}", $value, $post_id, $context );
		}

		if ( 'attribute' === $context ) {
			$value = esc_attr( $value );
		} elseif ( 'js' === $context ) {
			$value = esc_js( $value );
		}
	}

	// Restore the type for integer fields after esc_attr().
	if ( in_array( $field, $int_fields, true ) ) {
		$value = (int) $value;
	}

	return $value;
}