user_can()WP 3.1.0

Checks whether a specified user has a specified capability.

Similar to current_user_can(), but this function takes a user ID or object as its first parameter. So we can check capability of specified user.

A role can be passed to this function to check against. But this practice is discouraged as it may produce unreliable results!

Also see map_meta_cap() function and map_meta_cap hook.

No Hooks.


true|false. Whether the user has the given capability.


user_can( $user, $capability );
$user(int/WP_User) (required)
User ID or object.
$capability(string) (required)
Capability name. See here the list of roles and capabilities.
$object_id, ...(int)

ID of the object (for example, post or comment) to check the capability against. In this case, $capability should be a meta capability, not a primitive capability; for example, edit_post, but not edit_posts.

Read more about meta capabilities here map_meta_cap() – it maps meta capabilities to primitive capabilities based on the ID of the passed object and the name of the meta capability; and then this primitive capability can be checked against user capabilities.



#1 Проверим является ли юзер 3 Администратором

$user_id = 3;
if( user_can( $user_id, 'manage_options' ) ){
	// код

#2 Check whether the user can delete posts

global $user_ID;
if( ! user_can( $user_ID, 'delete_posts' ) ){
	echo 'You don`t have such capability!';

#3 Check whether the user with ID 141 can edit the post with ID 1

This is an example of meta capability check.

if( user_can( 141, 'edit_post', 1 ) ){
	echo 'You can edit this post';


Since 3.1.0 Introduced.
Since 5.3.0 Formalized the existing and already documented ...$args parameter by adding it to the function signature.

user_can() code WP 6.4.1

function user_can( $user, $capability, ...$args ) {
	if ( ! is_object( $user ) ) {
		$user = get_userdata( $user );

	if ( empty( $user ) ) {
		// User is logged out, create anonymous user object.
		$user = new WP_User( 0 );
		$user->init( new stdClass() );

	return $user->has_cap( $capability, ...$args );