WordPress at a glance

wp_check_password() WP 1.0

Checks the plaintext password against the encrypted Password.

Maintains compatibility between old version and the new cookie authentication protocol using PHPass library. The $hash parameter is the encrypted password and the function compares the plain text password when encrypted similarly against the already encrypted password to see if they match.

For integration with other applications, this function can be overwritten to instead use the other package password checking algorithm.

  • Global. PasswordHash. $wp_hasher PHPass object used for checking the password
    against the $hash + $password

This is a pluggable function, and it can be replaced from plugin. It means that this function is defined (works) only after all plugins are connected (included), but before this moment the function has not yet been defined... Therefore, you cannot call this and all functions depended on this function directly from a plugin code. It must be called via hook plugins_loaded or later, for example on hook init.

Function replacement (override) — in a plugin you can create a function with the same name, then it will replace this function.

✈ 1 time = 0.002451s = very slow | 50000 times = 124.36s = extreme slow PHP 7.1.2, WP 4.7.5
Hooks from function:
Return

true/false. False, if the $password does not match the hashed password

Usage

wp_check_password( $password, $hash, $user_id );
$password(string) (required)
Plaintext user's password
$hash(string) (required)
Hash of the user's password to check against.
$user_id(string/int)
User ID.
Default: ''

Code of wp_check_password: wp-includes/pluggable.php VER 4.9.8

<?php
function wp_check_password($password, $hash, $user_id = '') {
	global $wp_hasher;

	// If the hash is still md5...
	if ( strlen($hash) <= 32 ) {
		$check = hash_equals( $hash, md5( $password ) );
		if ( $check && $user_id ) {
			// Rehash using new hash.
			wp_set_password($password, $user_id);
			$hash = wp_hash_password($password);
		}

		/**
		 * Filters whether the plaintext password matches the encrypted password.
		 *
		 * @since 2.5.0
		 *
		 * @param bool       $check    Whether the passwords match.
		 * @param string     $password The plaintext password.
		 * @param string     $hash     The hashed password.
		 * @param string|int $user_id  User ID. Can be empty.
		 */
		return apply_filters( 'check_password', $check, $password, $hash, $user_id );
	}

	// If the stored hash is longer than an MD5, presume the
	// new style phpass portable hash.
	if ( empty($wp_hasher) ) {
		require_once( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/class-phpass.php');
		// By default, use the portable hash from phpass
		$wp_hasher = new PasswordHash(8, true);
	}

	$check = $wp_hasher->CheckPassword($password, $hash);

	/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/pluggable.php */
	return apply_filters( 'check_password', $check, $password, $hash, $user_id );
}

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