wp_list_users()WP 5.9.0

List all the users of the site, with several options available.

1 time — 0.0159421 sec (extremely slow) | 50000 times — 208.82 sec (extremely slow)
Hooks from the function

Return

String|null. The output if echo is false. Otherwise null.

Usage

wp_list_users( $args );
$args(string|array)

Array or string of default arguments.

Default: array()

  • orderby(string)
    How to sort the users. Accepts 'nicename', 'email', 'url', 'registered', 'user_nicename', 'user_email', 'user_url', 'user_registered', 'name', 'display_name', 'post_count', 'ID', 'meta_value', 'user_login'.
    Default: 'name'

  • order(string)
    Sorting direction for $orderby. Accepts 'ASC', 'DESC'.
    Default: 'ASC'

  • number(int)
    Maximum users to return or display.
    Default: empty (all users)

  • exclude_admin(true|false)
    Whether to exclude the 'admin' account, if it exists.
    Default: false

  • show_fullname(true|false)
    Whether to show the user's full name.
    Default: false

  • feed(string)
    If not empty, show a link to the user's feed and use this text as the alt parameter of the link.
    Default: ''

  • feed_image(string)
    If not empty, show a link to the user's feed and use this image URL as clickable anchor.
    Default: ''

  • feed_type(string)
    The feed type to link to, such as 'rss2'.
    Default: default feed type

  • echo(true|false)
    Whether to output the result or instead return it.
    Default: true

  • style(string)
    If 'list', each user is wrapped in an <li> element, otherwise the users will be separated by commas.

  • html(true|false)
    Whether to list the items in HTML form or plaintext.
    Default: true

  • exclude(string)
    An array, comma-, or space-separated list of user IDs to exclude.
    Default: ''

  • include(string)
    An array, comma-, or space-separated list of user IDs to include.
    Default: ''

Examples

1

#1 Demo of what the function outputs

$users_list = wp_list_users( [
	'number'        => 3,
	'echo'          => false,
	'style'         => 'list',
] );

echo htmlspecialchars( $users_list );

/*
style => 'list':

	<li>Wasija</li>
	<li>stas</li>
	<li>anastasiiik</li>
*/

/*
style => '' or 'html' => false:

	Wasija, stas, anastasiiik
*/

Changelog

Since 5.9.0 Introduced.

wp_list_users() code WP 6.5.3

function wp_list_users( $args = array() ) {
	$defaults = array(
		'orderby'       => 'name',
		'order'         => 'ASC',
		'number'        => '',
		'exclude_admin' => true,
		'show_fullname' => false,
		'feed'          => '',
		'feed_image'    => '',
		'feed_type'     => '',
		'echo'          => true,
		'style'         => 'list',
		'html'          => true,
		'exclude'       => '',
		'include'       => '',
	);

	$parsed_args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );

	$return = '';

	$query_args           = wp_array_slice_assoc( $parsed_args, array( 'orderby', 'order', 'number', 'exclude', 'include' ) );
	$query_args['fields'] = 'ids';

	/**
	 * Filters the query arguments for the list of all users of the site.
	 *
	 * @since 6.1.0
	 *
	 * @param array $query_args  The query arguments for get_users().
	 * @param array $parsed_args The arguments passed to wp_list_users() combined with the defaults.
	 */
	$query_args = apply_filters( 'wp_list_users_args', $query_args, $parsed_args );

	$users = get_users( $query_args );

	foreach ( $users as $user_id ) {
		$user = get_userdata( $user_id );

		if ( $parsed_args['exclude_admin'] && 'admin' === $user->display_name ) {
			continue;
		}

		if ( $parsed_args['show_fullname'] && '' !== $user->first_name && '' !== $user->last_name ) {
			$name = sprintf(
				/* translators: 1: User's first name, 2: Last name. */
				_x( '%1$s %2$s', 'Display name based on first name and last name' ),
				$user->first_name,
				$user->last_name
			);
		} else {
			$name = $user->display_name;
		}

		if ( ! $parsed_args['html'] ) {
			$return .= $name . ', ';

			continue; // No need to go further to process HTML.
		}

		if ( 'list' === $parsed_args['style'] ) {
			$return .= '<li>';
		}

		$row = $name;

		if ( ! empty( $parsed_args['feed_image'] ) || ! empty( $parsed_args['feed'] ) ) {
			$row .= ' ';
			if ( empty( $parsed_args['feed_image'] ) ) {
				$row .= '(';
			}

			$row .= '<a href="' . get_author_feed_link( $user->ID, $parsed_args['feed_type'] ) . '"';

			$alt = '';
			if ( ! empty( $parsed_args['feed'] ) ) {
				$alt  = ' alt="' . esc_attr( $parsed_args['feed'] ) . '"';
				$name = $parsed_args['feed'];
			}

			$row .= '>';

			if ( ! empty( $parsed_args['feed_image'] ) ) {
				$row .= '<img src="' . esc_url( $parsed_args['feed_image'] ) . '" style="border: none;"' . $alt . ' />';
			} else {
				$row .= $name;
			}

			$row .= '</a>';

			if ( empty( $parsed_args['feed_image'] ) ) {
				$row .= ')';
			}
		}

		$return .= $row;
		$return .= ( 'list' === $parsed_args['style'] ) ? '</li>' : ', ';
	}

	$return = rtrim( $return, ', ' );

	if ( ! $parsed_args['echo'] ) {
		return $return;
	}
	echo $return;
}